Tuesday, August 30, 2011

Precedent:Naples Archaeological Thermal Bath Complex at Via Terracina


Naples Archaeological was a thermal Bath that was used by the Ancient Greeks. As we know, they used different methods that did not involve electrical source as the modern Spas. For this reason, I believe it is important to know what kind of methods they used in order to make their thermal baths function.For this reason, I wanted to explore this an ancient techniques that are sustainable and if possible mixed them with the modern techniques.

The Latrine :

The Latrine was a semi-circular structure that was illuminated by five windows at the top covered by a semicircular cupola. The semicircular walls evidence of frescoes in them. Also, they experience their admiration for animals since the ground evidences the remains of a black and white mosaics with the figures of two dolphins and a mythical marine animal in the area. In addition to, there are equally spaced holes and gutters above them where the water was replenished  by the cistern that was located behind the latrine through underground aqueducts. 

The Frigidarium: 
The photograph at the left represent the picture of a semi circular at one side of the room. In addition to, the photograph on the right is a rectangular bath. According to the research, it says that this was the most important place since it held important activities such as therapy for the people.

The Caldarium:
The Caldarium was the room  where the ultimate technology of the time was implemented. It was the hottest room in this structure. They implemented the hypocaustum(image on the right)  techniques that consisted of piers that allowed the hot air to travel from other rooms through the floor and through the walls via terracotta tubes that created a room with a constant high temperature, and was provided illumination through natural illumination with high windows.

The Solaryum:
The room allowed warm temperatures since it used the same techniques as the caladarium with the difference that it did not allowed the hot air to travel through the walls.   

Naples Archaeological Thermal Bath Complex. (2010). Retrieved August 30, 2011, from Napoli Unplugged : http://www.napoliunplugged.com/Roman-Thermal-Complex-at-Via-Terracina-Naples.php

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